Ph.D, University of Texas at Austin, 1973
Social development of infants and toddlers, observational methodology and data analysis
Running throughout my work is a concern with social interaction: how it is observed, how it is described, and how it is analyzed.
With Lauren B. Adamson I have observed infants and toddlers interacting with their mothers to study how such infants communicate—and how joint attention is transformed—before and as formal language is acquired in typically developing toddlers and toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Down Syndrome.
With Vicenç Quera I have written a book, Sequential Analysis and Observational Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (2011) as well as articles, an earlier book, and computer programs that describe general approaches and specific analytic strategies for the sequential analysis of systematic observational data. Our program, the General Sequential Querier (GSEQ) can be downloaded at bakeman.gsucreate.org/gseq or mangold-international.com/en/products/software/gseq.
And with John M. Gottman I wrote an earlier book, Observing Interaction: An Introduction to Sequential Analysis (2nd ed., 1997) explaining procedural and analytic strategies for observational studies in general.
I have also worked with a number of colleagues, primarily analyzing archives of video-recorded interaction and other data. With Margaret O. Caughy, Margaret T. Owen, Catherine Tamis-LeMonda, and colleagues analyzing the communication development of Mexican American children; with Natacha Akshoomoff and colleagues analyzing cognitive development of children born preterm; with Sherryl Goodman analyzing interaction of mothers at risk for depression; with John Peterson analyzing effects of stress, coping, HIV status, psychosocial resources, and depressive mood in African American gay, bisexual, and heterosexual men; with Michael Compton analyzing effects of mental health awareness training (CIT, crisis intervention team) on police officers; and with Kim Oller analyzing functional flexibility of infant vocalization and the emergence of language.
Finally, with Josephine V. Brown (GSU, emeritus) I have observed preterm and fullterm infants and mothers interacting and have studied effects of early interaction patterns on their subsequent development.
Recent Methodological Publications
Bakeman, R., & Goodman, S. H. (2020). Interobserver reliability in clinical research: Current issues and discussion of how to establish best practices. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 129(1), 5–13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/abn0000487
Chorney, J. M., McMurtry, C. M., Chambers, C. T., & Bakeman, R. (2015). Developing and modifying behavioral coding schemes in pediatric psychology: A practical guide. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 40, 154–164 . https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsu099
Bakeman, R., & Quera, V. (2012). Behavioral observation. In H. Cooper (Ed.-in-Chief), P. Camic, D. Long, A. Panter, D. Rindskopf, & K. J. Sher (Assoc. Eds.), APA handbooks in psychology: Vol. 1. APA handbook of research methods in psychology: Psychological research: Foundations, planning, methods, and psychometrics. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. (2 nd ed. expected in 2022)
Bakeman, R., & Quera, V. (2011). Sequential analysis and observational methods for the behavioral sciences. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Bakeman, R., Quera, V., & Gnisci A. (2009). Observer agreement for timed-event sequential data: A comparison of time-based and event-based algorithms. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 137–147. https://doi.org/10.3758/BRM.41.1.137
Quera, V., Bakeman, R., & Gnisci, A. (2007). Observer agreement for event sequences: Methods and software for sequence alignment and reliability estimates. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 39–49. https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03192842
Bakeman, R. (2006). The practical importance of findings. In K. McCartney, M. R. Burchinal, & K. L. Bub (Eds.), Best Practices in Quantitative Methods for Developmentalists (pp. 127–145). Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 71(3, Serial No. 285).
Bakeman, R. (2005). Recommended Effect Size Statistics for Repeated Measures Designs. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 37, 379–384. https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03192707
Bakeman, R., & Gottman, J. M. (1997). Observing interaction: An introduction to sequential analysis (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press OtherOther
Adamson, L. B., Caughy, M. O., Bakeman, R. Rojas, R., Owen, M. T., Tamis-LeMonda, C. S., Pacheco, D., Pace A., Suma, K. (2021). The quality of mother-toddler communication predicts language and early literacy in low-income Mexican American children. Early Childhood Research Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2021.03.006
Adamson, L. B., Suma, K., Bakeman, R., Kellerman, A., & Robins, D. L. (2021). Auditory joint attention skills: Development and diagnostic differences during infancy. Infant Behavior and Development. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2021.101560
Sawyer, C., Adrian, J., Bakeman, R., Fuller, M., & Akshoomoff, N. (2021). Self-regulation task in young school age children born preterm: Correlation with early academic achievement. Early Human Development. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2021.105362
Goodman, S. H., Bakeman, R., & Milgramm, A. (2021). Continuity and stability of parenting of infants by women at risk for perinatal depression. Parenting: Science and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1080/15295192.2021.1877991
Adamson, L. B., Bakeman, R., Suma, K., & Robins, D. L. (2020). Autism adversely affects auditory joint engagement during parent-toddler interactions. Autism Research, 14(2), 301–314. https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.2355
Adrian, J. A., Bakeman, R., Akshoomoff, & Haist, F. (2020). Cognitive functions mediate the effect of preterm birth on mathematics skills in young children. Child Neuropsychology, 26 (6), 834–856. https://doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1761313
Tamis-LeMonda, C. S., Caughy, M. O., Rojas, R., Bakeman, R., Pacheco, D., Owen, M. T., Adamson , L. B., Suma, K., & Amy Pace (2020). Culture, parenting, and language: respeto in latine mother-child interactions. Social Development. https://doi.org/10.1111/sode.12430
Adamson, L. B., Bakeman, R., Suma, K., & Robins, D. L. (2019a). An expanded view of joint attention: Skill, engagement, and language in typical development and autism. Child Development, 90, e1–e18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12973
Adamson, L. B., Bakeman, R., Suma, K., & Robins, D. L. (2019b). Sharing sounds: The development of auditory joint engagement during early parent–child interaction. Developmental Psychology, 55(12), 2491–2504. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000822
Akshoomoff, N., Brown, T. T., Bakeman, R. Hagler, D.J. Jr, for the Pediatric Imaging, Neurocognition, and Genetics Study (2018). Developmental differentiation of executive functions on the NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery. Neuropsychology, 32(7), 777–783. https://doi.org/10.1037/neu0000476
Hirsh-Pasek, K., Adamson, L. B., Bakeman, R., Owen, M. T., Golinkoff, R. M., Pace, A., Yust, P. K. S., & Suma, K. (2015). The contribution of early communication quality to low-income children’s language success. Psychological Science. 26(7), 1071–1083. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797615581493