Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 2003
Gesture’s contribution to language and cognitive development in different learners and different languages
My research focuses on children’s earliest linguistic and cognitive abilities as they reveal themselves both in speech and in gesture. Specifically, I ask whether and how children’s gestures can inform us about language development, from the onset of first words and first sentences to the emergence of first narratives and explanations. My current interests are reflected in two main lines of research: (1) whether gesture constitutes a robust aspect of the language-learning process, remaining preserved across different learners (children with blindness, deafness, autism, Down syndrome), and (2) whether gesture shows the language-specific patterns found in children’s speech, varying systematically across structurally different languages (English, Spanish, Turkish). Following these two lines of inquiry, I seek to understand the process of language development and how gesture serves as part of the mechanism of change in this process as either reflecting underlying knowledge or helping children take the next development step.
Özçalışkan, Ş. & Goldin-Meadow, S. (2005). Gesture is at the cutting edge of early language development. Cognition, 96(3), B101-B113.
Özçalışkan, Ş. (2007). Metaphors we ‘move by’: Children’s developing understanding of metaphorical motion in typologically distinct languages. Metaphor and Symbol, 22(2), 147-168.
Özçalışkan, Ş. & Goldin-Meadow, S. (2010). Sex differences in language first appear in gesture. Developmental Science, 13(5), 752-760.
Özçalışkan, Ş., Adamson, L., Dimitrova, N., Bailey J. & Schmuck, L. (in press). Baby sign but not spontaneous gesture predicts later vocabulary in children with Down Syndrome. Journal of Child Language.
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